## JCM Review

This is a finely conceived and executed study guide to 130 principal Chinese herbal medicine formulas. It does not seek to replace a reference text such as Eastland's *Formulas & Strategies,* to which the publishers pay tribute, but is aimed very accurately at the needs of students. The book is divided into four parts. The first, and briefest, covers the essential principles of Chinese herbal medicine such as herb actions and tastes, decoction methods, the seven combining effects of herbs, the fifteen incompatible herb relationships etc. Part two is devoted to the formulas, grouped in conventional categories such as harmonising, expelling damp etc. The category chapter begins with a general introduction explaining the kind of patterns likely to be encountered. For each formula ingredients (pinyin followed by latin) are listed and their individual or combined action explained, then the functions and indications. A cautions/contraindications section adds valuable information. For example for Xiao Chai Hu Tang "It is important to inform patients with upright Qi deficiency about the possibility of healing reactions occurring while taking this prescription. Possible symptoms include feverishness, shivers and sweating". Especially valuable are the many chart format formula comparisons, for example in the harmonising chapter, Si Ni San is compared to Si Ni Tang, Xiao Yao San to Si Ni San and to Xiao Chai Hu Tang etc. These charts show both common and different ingredients, functions and symptoms, and compare and contrast tongue colour, pulse and therapeutic emphasis. Each category chapter ends with a brief review of the formulas in that category and a series of study questions with answers, for example "Why are Chai Hu and Huang Qin used together in Xiao Chai Hu Tang?". The third part of the book comprises reference charts to differentiation of 23 main symptoms such as abdominal pain, cough, diarrhoea etc. Each describes the principal patterns likely to be encountered, the main symptoms of each and the suitable formula for treatment. The final part of the book is in the form of a comprehensive examination with several hundred questions on formulas and case studies.

This is a really valuable aid to studying formulas. It does not attempt to replace a major formula textbook, for example only 130 formulas are covered, there are no modifications (i.e the addition and subtraction of herbs to treat different presentations) etc., but it will really help students to deepen and solidify their knowledge of the basic formulas.

## Contents

Classification of the Formulas by Treatment Categories

Acknowledgements

Making Best Use of this Book

Introduction: The Essential Principles of Chinese Herbal Medicine

Herb Actions Based on the Nature of Plant Parts and Tastes

Special Methods of Decocting Chinese Herbs

The Seven Combining Effects of Herbs

Incompatible and Antagonistic Herbs

The Principles of Formula Writing

The Eight Methods of Herbal Treatment

Chapter I Formulas to Release the Exterior

Introduction to Exterior Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 2 Formulas to Clear Heat

Introduction to Heat Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 3 Formulas to Purge

Introduction to Yang Ming Organ Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Cbapter 4 Formulas to Harrnonize

Introduction to Shao Yang Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 5 Formulas to Expel Damp

Introduction to Damp Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 6 Formulas to Resolve Phlegm

Introduction to Phlegm Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 7 Formulas to Warm the Interior

Introduction to Cold Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 8 Formulas to Tonify

Introduction to Deficiency Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 9 Formulas to Regulate the Qi

Introduction to Qi Dysfunction Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 10 Formulas to Invigorate the Blood

Introduction to Blood Stagnation Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 11 Formulas to Stop Bleeding

Introduction to Bleeding Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 12 Formulas to Stabilize and Astringe

Introduction to Leakage and Discharge Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 13 Formulas to Calrn the Mind

Introduction to Mind Disharmony Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 14 Formulas to Expel Wind

Introduction to Wind Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Chapter 15 Formulas to Reduce Food Stagnation

Introduction to Food Stagnation Syndromes

The Formulas

Review and Discussion

Symptom Differentiation Charts

Abdominal Pain

Cough

Diarrhea

Dizziness and Vertigo

Edema

Emotional Conditions

Epigastric Pain

Fatigue

Fever, Low-Grade

Fever, Tidal

Headache

Hypochondriac Pain

Insomnia

Memory Loss

Menstrual Disorders

Nausea and Vomiting

Palpitations

Sweating Syndrome: Spontaneous Sweating

Sweating Syndrome: Night Sweats

Sweating Syndrome: Sweating by Location

Tinnitus and Deafness

Urinary Pain

Wheezing and Breathlessness

Comprehensive Examination

Primary Formula Questions

General Formula Questions

Case Study Questions

Answers to the Primary Formula Question

Answers to the General Formula Questions

Answers to the Case Study Questions

Bibliography

Index