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Inhibition of mammary gland carcinogenesis by green tea catechins and other naturally occurring antioxidants in female Sprague-Dawley rats pretreated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene.
Effects of the naturally occurring antioxidants on mammary gland carcinogenesis were examined in female Sprague-Dawley rats pretreated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene (DMBA). Groups of 15-16 7-week-old rats received a 50 mg/kg body weight intra-gastric dose of DMBA, and starting one week thereafter placed on diet containing 0.4% catechol, 1.0% gamma-oryzanol, 2.0% phytic acid, 1.0% green tea catechins (GTC), 1.0% tannic acid or basal diet alone for 35 weeks. Although the final incidences and multiplicities of mammary tumors were not significantly different between DMBA-treated groups, the numbers of survivors in the antioxidant-treated groups at the end of the experiment at week 36 were significantly higher than in the basal diet group. In particular, the survival rate of the GTC group at 93.8% strongly contrasted with that of only 33.3% for rats on the basal diet. At the end of week 18, when all the animals were still alive, the average size of palpable mammary tumors was significantly smaller in the catechol, phytic acid and catechins groups. These results indicate that antioxidants, and GTC in particular, inhibit rat mammary gland carcinogenesis after DMBA initiation.Hirose M, Hoshiya T, Akagi K, et al. Inhibition of mammary gland carcinogenesis by green tea catechins and other naturally occurring antioxidants in female Sprague-Dawley rats pretreated with 7,12 dimethylbenz[alpha]anthracene. Cancer Lett 83:149-156; 1994. Scavenging action of green tea extracts on singlet oxygen and preventive effect on lipid peroxidation Singlet oxygen (1O2) produced by illuminated photosensitizer Rose Bengal was detected by its bleaching effect on N,N-dimethylnitrosoaniline(DMNA). The 1O2 could be scavenged by green tea extracts (GTE), with the scavenging action being obvious at the early stage of photosensitized oxidation. The higher the concentration of GTE in the photooxidation reaction system, the stronger the 1O2 scavenging action. The scavenging effect of the fresh GTE solution on singlet oxygen was better than that of old solution. The preventive effects of GTE on lipid peroxidation induced by 1O2 in ghosts and microsomal membranes were also observed. Malondialdehyde (MDA) production was found to be completely inhibited by a high concentration of GTE in the reaction system.Wu Y. [Scavenging action of green tea extracts on singlet oxygen and preventive effect on lipid peroxidation] Chung Kuo I Hsueh Ko Hsueh Yuan Hsueh Pao 15:354-359; 1993. Inhibitory effects of black tea, green tea, decaffeinated black tea, and decaffeinated green tea on ultraviolet B light-induced skin carcinogenesis in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-initiated SKH-1 mice. In a previous study (Z. Y. Wang et al., Cancer Res., 52: 1162-1170, 1992), we found that administration of a water extract of green tea leaves as the sole source of drinking fluid inhibited ultraviolet B light (UVB)-induced carcinogenesis in SKH-1 mice previously initiated with 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene (DMBA). In the present study, we compared the effects of black tea, green tea, decaffeinated black tea, and decaffeinated green tea on UVB-induced skin carcinogenesis in DMBA-initiated SKH-1 mice. A 1.25% water extract of each kind of tea leaf (1.25 g tea leaf/100 ml water) was prepared by passing 4 liters of hot water through 50 g of tea leaves in a Bunn tea brewing machine. The mean concentrations of solids in multiple samples of 1.25% black tea, green tea, decaffeinated black tea, and decaffeinated green tea analyzed during the course of this study were 4.23, 3.94, 3.66, and 3.53 mg/ml, respectively. These concentrations of tea solids are similar to those present in tea brews ingested by humans. Female SKH-1 mice were treated topically with 200 nmol of DMBA, followed 3 weeks later by irradiation with 30 mJ/cm2 of UVB twice weekly for 31 weeks. UVB-induced formation of skin tumors was markedly inhibited by oral administration of 0.63 or 1.25% black tea, green tea, decaffeinated black tea, or decaffeinated green tea as the sole source of drinking fluid 2 weeks prior to and during 31 weeks of UVB treatment. Administration of each of the eight tea preparations not only inhibited the number of tumors, but tumor size was also markedly decreased. Histopathological examination of each tumor showed that oral administration of the eight tea preparations had a marked inhibitory effect on the formation of UVB-induced keratoacanthomas and carcinomas. Administration of 1.25% black tea, green tea, decaffeinated black tea, or decaffeinated green tea inhibited the number of keratoacanthomas per mouse by 79, 78, 73, or 70%, respectively, and the number of carcinomas per mouse was inhibited by 93, 88, 77, or 72%, respectively. In summary, administration of black tea was comparable to green tea as an inhibitor of UVB-induced skin carcinogenesis in DMBA-initiated SKH-1 mice. Oral administration of decaffeinated black tea or decaffeinated green tea also had a marked inhibitory effect on UVB-induced skin carcinogenesis in DMBA-initiated SKH-1 mice, but these tea preparations were slightly less effective than the regular teas at the high dose level.Wang ZY, Huang MT, Lou YR, et al. Inhibitory effects of black tea, green tea, decaffeinated black tea, and decaffeinated green tea on ultraviolet B light-induced skin carcinogenesis in 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-initiated SKH-1 mice. Cancer Res 54:3428-3435; 1994.