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Smoke generated during moxibustion does not affect the efficacy of treatment in knee osteoarthritis (KOA), concludes a study from China. In a randomised trial, 138 patients with KOA were randomly allocated to receive either conventional moxibustion (CM) or smoke-free moxibustion (SM) during 12 treatment sessions over four weeks. Moxibustion was administered at three acupuncture points (Neixiyan MN‑LE‑16, Dubi ST-35 and Zusanli ST-36). Patients in both moxibustion groups showed significant improvements from baseline in pain, stiffness and function. Although considerable improvements were observed at each time point measured (weeks 4, 8 and 12), no statistically significant difference was observed between CM and SM groups for any outcome measurements.

Comparison of the Efficacy between Conventional Moxibustion and Smoke-Free Moxibustion on Knee Osteoarthritis: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Evid Based Complement Alternat Med. 2019 Mar 14;2019:1291947


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