Chinese Medical Chinese Grammar and Vocabulary

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The book is presented in three parts. The first part describes the basic features of the literary language of Chinese medicine, its relationship to the language of the classical period and to the modern vernacular of northern China, known as "Mandarin." It explains many grammatical constructions commonly encountered in Chinese medical texts, and describes in detail how Chinese medical terms are composed. The second part presents the terminology of Chinese medicine as its component characters. The characters are introduced in sets according to subject matter; for example, the terms related to the five phases. The Pinyin pronunciation and English rendering are given with Kenyon and Knott phonetic transcriptions of the English renderings for the benefit of non-English-speaking learners. Each of these lists is followed by a third section that presents examples of compound terms that use the characters thus far introduced. The examples are then followed by drills that self-test the vocabulary items that should have been acquired. The answers to questions are given at the end of the book.
The text begins with an explanation of the grammar and continues with vocabulary sections covering Basic Theories, Diseases, Pathomechanisms and Pattern Identification, Principles and Methods of Treatment, Chinese Pharmaceutics and Acupuncture. Students wishing to find out more about the Chinese medical terms and concepts can consult A Practical Dictionary of Chinese Medicine by the same authors. The appendices include the answers to the 912 self-test questions, Chinese medicinals and formulas by treatment principle (e.g., exterior-resolving formulas) and the names of channel points. A complete English-Pinyin-Chinese and Pinyin-Chinese-English index of all the single characters introduced in the text provides access to the basic elements of the terminology.
This work assumes that the student has already acquired a knowledge of how Chinese characters are composed, how they are written by hand, and how they are pronounced. While the text itself can be navigated entirely in Pinyin, students should know how to use Chinese language dictionaries. Anyone who has this basic knowledge of Chinese can use this book to acquire the more than 2,500 terms covered in the text.



Part I: Grammar
1. Basic Sentences
Nominal Sentences
Verbal Sentences
Subjects and Topics
2. Stative and Active Verbs
Single Character Verbs
Compound Verbs
Auxiliary Verbs 3.
Single-Character Nouns
Noun + Noun Compounds
Stative Verb + Noun Compounds
Numerals, Measures and Quantifiers
Noun Phrases Formed with Particles
Pronouns 4.
Single-Character Adverbs
Adverbials of Manner
Adverbials of Comparison
Adverbials of Place and Movement
Adverbials of Instrumentality
Adverbials of Time
Adverbials of Cause
Sentence Modifiers
Other Adverbials 5.
Conjunctions 6.
Empty Words
Initial and Final Particles
Interrogatives 7.
Distinctive Features
Parataxis, Ellipsis and Chronological Description
Elasti"city" and Symmetry 8.

Part II: Vocabulary
1. Basic Theories 1.1
Five Phases 1.2
Positions 1.3
Seasons 1.4
Bowels & Viscera 1.5
Basic 'Elements' 1.6
The Governings of the Five Viscera 1.7
The Five Offices 1.8
Five Voices 1.9
Five Colors 1.10
Five Odors 1.11
Five-Flavor Entries 1.12
Five Humors 1.13
Seven Affects 1.14
Metaphorical Terms 1.15
Organ Functions & Interrelations 1.16
Body Parts 1.17
Channels & Network Vessels 1.18
Points 1.19
Causes of Disease 2.
Four Examinations 2.1
Four Examinations 2.2
Inspection of the Spirit 2.3
Inspection of the Physical Body 2.4
Inspection of the Posture & Bearing 2.5
Inspection of the Facial Complexion 2.6
Inspection of the Head & Face 2.7
Inspection of the Chest & Abdomen 2.8
Inspection of the Macules & Papules 2.9
Inspection of the Tongue Body 2.10
Inspection of the Tongue Fur 2.11
Inspection of Phlegm, Drool, Tears & Spittle 2.12
Inspection of Vomitus 2.13
Inspection of the Stool 2.14
Inspection of the Urine 2.15
Abnormalities of Voice 2.16
Abnormalities of Speech 2.17
Breathing Abnormalities & Cough 2.18
Odors 2.19
Inquiry about Heat & Cold 2.20
Inquiry about Sweating 2.21
Inquiry about Head & Neck 2.22
Inquiry about the Five Offices 2.23
Inquiry about the Body 2.24
Inquiry about the Back & Lumbus 2.25
Inquiry about Chest & Rib-side 2.26
Inquiry about the Abdomen 2.27
Inquiry about Food, Drink & Taste in the Mouth 2.28
Inquiry about Stool 2.29
Inquiry about Urine 2.30
Inquiry about Sleep 2.31
Inquiring about the Spirit & Affect-Mind 2.32
Inquiry about Menstruation 2.33
Inquiry about Vaginal Discharge 2.34
Inquiry for Men 2.35
Pulse-Taking 2.36
Pulses 2.37
Body Palpation

3. Diseases
3.1 Diseases of Internal Medicine
3.2 External Medicine Diseases
3.3 Ear, Nose & Throat Diseases
3.4 Eye Diseases
3.5 Men's Diseases
3.6 Children's Diseases
3.7 Women's Diseases
3.8 Pregnancy Diseases
3.9 Postpartum Diseases
3.10 Miscellaneous Women's Diseases

4. Pathomechanisms and Pattern Identification
4.1 Vacuity' Terms
4.2 'Repletion' Terms
4.3 'Fire' & 'Heat' Terms
4.4 'Stagnation' Terms
4.5 'Insecurity' Terms
4.6 Pathomechanisms
4.7 Eight-Principle Pattern Identification
4.8 Qi-Blood Pattern Identification
4.9 Organ Pattern Identification
4.10 Disease Evil Pattern Identification
4.11 Cold Damage Pattern Identification
4.12 Warm Disease Pattern Identification

5. Principles and Methods of Treatment
5.1 Principles of Treatment
5.2 'Supplement' Terms
5.3 'Drain' Terms
5.4 'Free' & 'Effuse' Terms
5.5 'Secure' & 'Settle' Terms
5.6 Sweating
5.7 Ejection
5.8 Precipitation
5.9 Harmonization
5.10 Clearing
5.11 Warming
5.12 Dispersion
5.13 Dispelling Phlegm
5.14 Dispelling Dampness
5.15 Rectifying Qi & Opening Depression
5.16 Quickening the Blood & Transforming Stasis
5.17 Stanching Bleeding
5.18 Opening the orifices
5.19 Quieting the Spirit
5.20 Securing & Astriction
5.21 Subduing, Settling & Extinguishing Wind
5.22 Women's Treatment Methods
5.23 External Medical Treatment Methods
5.24 Expelling Worms

6. Chinese Pharmaceutics
6.1 Drug Nature
6.2 Processing of Medicinals
6.3 Preparations
6.4 Directions for Use of Medicinals
6.5 Formula Construction
7. Acumoxatherapy
7.1 Acupuncture Equpment
7.2 Needle Manipulation
7.3 Moxibustion

Appendix I: Answers to Questions
Appendix II: Names of Chinese Medicinals
Appendix III: Names of Formulas
Appendix IV: Names of Channel Points

More Information

Nigel Wiseman & Feng Ye

Paradigm, 2002

456 pages


Author Nigel Wiseman & Feng Ye
Publication Date 1 Jan 1970
Publisher Paradigm Press
Number of Pages 456
Book Format Softback
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